Кафедра гістології, цитології та ембріології

Study-methodological materials

The thematic plan of the lectures
on Histology, Cytology and Embryology for the students of the
medical faculty speciality «General medicine»

MODULE І. Fundamentals of cytology and general embryology
Content module 1. Basic cytology

1. Introduction. History of the science development. Basic cytology.

Content module 2. General and comparative embryology

2. Fundamentals of the general embryology. Peculiarities of the human embryogenesis.

MODULE ІІ. General histology
Content module 3. Histology of the general tissues

3. The study of tissues. Epithelial tissues.
4. Blood and lymph. Haemopoiesis.
5. Connective tissues.
6. Skeletal tissues.

Content module 4. Histology of the special tissues

7. Muscle tissues.
8. Nervous tissue.

MODULE ІІІ. Special histology and embryology
Content module 5. Special histology and embryology of the regulatory and sensory systems

9. Nervous system.
10. Sense organs. Eye.
11. Sense organs. Audiovestibular organ.
12. Cardiovascular system.
13. Organs of haemopoiesis and immune defense.
14. Endocrine system.

Content module 6. Special histology and embryology of the internal organs

15. Respiratory system.
16. Digestive system: digestive tube.
17. Digestive system: pancreas, liver.
18. Urinary system.
19. Male reproductive system.
20. Female reproductive system.

 

 

 

The thematic plan of the practical classes
on Histology, Cytology and Embryology for the students of the
medical faculty speciality «General medicine»

MODULE І. Fundamentals of cytology and general embryology
Content module 1. Basic cytology

1. History of the science development.
2. Preparation of tissues for the microscopic examination. Methods of the microscopic investigations.
3. Cellular theory. Cell, its structure and function. Plasmalemma.
4. Cytoplasm: general organelles.
5. Cytoplasm: specialized organelles. Inclusions.
6. Nucleus of the cell. Cell division. Aging and death of the cells.
7. Control of the content module 1.

Content module 2. General and comparative embryology

8. Gametogenesis. Sex cells.
9. Fertilization. Cleavage.
10. Gastrulation.
11. Differentiation of the germ layers.
12. Extraembryonic organs.
13. Human embryogenesis.
14. Control of the content module 2.
15. Final control test of the module І.

MODULE ІІ. General histology
Content module 3. Histology of the general tissues

16. The study of tissues. Epithelial tissues: covering epithelium.
17. Epithelial tissues: glandular epithelium.
18. Blood: erythrocytes, thrombocytes.
19. Blood: leukocytes. Lymph.
20. Postembryonic haemopoiesis.
21. Loose connective tissue.
22. Dense connective tissue. Connective tissues with special properties.
23. Skeletal connective tissues: cartilage.
24. Skeletal connective tissues: bone.
25. Control of the content module 3.

Content module 4. Histology of the special tissues

26. Smooth muscle tissue.
27. Skeletal muscle tissue. Cardiac muscle tissue.
28. Nervous tissue: neurons, neuroglia.
29. Nerve fibers. Nerve endings.
30. Control of the content module 4.
31. Final control test of the module ІІ.

MODULE ІІІ. Special histology and embryology
Content module 5. Special histology and embryology of the regulatory and sensory systems

32. Spinal cord.
33. Large hemisphers of the brain.
34. Cerebellum.
35. Spinal ganglion. Peripheral nerve.
36. Autonomic nervous system.
37. Organ of the smell. Taste organ.
38. Sense organs. Eye.
39. Audiovestibular organ.
40. Arteries and veins. Microcirculatory bed.
41. Heart.
42. Bone marrow. Thymus.
43. Lymph node.
44. Spleen.
45. Hypothalamus. Pituitary gland.
46. Pineal body. Dissociative endocrine system.
47. Thyroid and parathyroid glands.
48. Adrenal glands.
49. Skin and its derivatives.
50. Control of the content module 5.

Content module 6. Special histology and embryology of the internal organs

51. Respiratory system.
52. Digestive system: organs of the oral cavity.
53. Esophagus.
54. Stomach.
55. Small intestine. Large intestine.
56. Salivary glands.
57. Pancreas.
58. Liver. Biliary tract.
59. Kidney and uurinary tract.
60. Male reproductive system.
61. Ovaries. Uterine tubes.
62. Uterus. Menstrual cycle.
63. Mammary glands.
64. Control of the content module 6.
65. Final control test of the module ІІІ.